Regenerative Medicine Treats Various Medical Conditions
Today, physicians are using stem cell therapies in the treatment of a wide array of medical diseases/disorders and traumas. Presently, the uses of stem cells is becoming common practice with orthopedics as it may help deter a knee replacement or surgical procedure and improve function of joints following injury. Practitioners today are also using stem cells within disciplines like pain management, cardiology, rheumatology, and neurology.
Treatment of Arthritis
Regenerative therapies utilize the anti-inflammatory properties of mesenchymal stem cells to alleviate inflammation-related osteoarthritis (OA) pain. In a 2011 study, for example, patients with severe OA were injected with mesenchymal stem cells and found they were able to walk longer without pain and climb a greater number of stairs after treatment. A follow-up study five years later showed that improvements had decreased, but that the knee that had received stem cell treatment was still better than at baseline. There are many other studies similar to this all supporting the notion that stem cells may be beneficial in treating arthritic conditions.
In the area of joint injury and degeneration, mesenchymal (MSC) stem cells are being used to improve the function of joints. There are greater than 20 clinical studies or case studies in the peer reviewed scientific literature all demonstrating that stem cells may regenerate tissue, improve function, reduce pain and improve the quality of life for those suffering from orthopedic problems.
Stem cell therapies have shown to be highly successful in the treatment of bone fractures. One review reports injections of stem cells achieving 75% union over 14 weeks in one case, and 88% union over four months in another in patients with non-union bone fractures.